Error when accessing K2 sites after upgrading the server's OS to Windows Server 2016 Standard

This article was created in response to a support issue logged with K2. The content may include typographical errors and may be revised at any time without notice. This article is not considered official documentation for K2 software and is provided "as is" with no warranties.
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Issue

After an upgrade of the K2 sever's Operating System from Windows Server 2012 R2 Standard to Windows Server 2016 Standard, all K2 sites are inaccessible. 

Symptoms

The error below is displayed when accessing any of the K2 sites (i.e. Designer, Management, Runtime):

Could not load file or assembly 'Microsoft.EnterpriseManagement.OperationsManager.Apm.DataCollecting.Producers.Mvc.4.0...' or one of its dependencies. The system cannot find the file specified.

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Troubleshooting Steps

This was resolved by uninstalling Microsoft Monitoring Agent which contains the assembly which causes the MVC application to return the error.